Geography of Juneau County, Wisconsin

Geography of Juneau County, Wisconsin

Juneau County, located in the south-central part of the state of Wisconsin, USA, is a region characterized by its rolling hills, dense forests, and scenic waterways. Encompassing an area of approximately 767 square miles, the county offers a mix of rural landscapes, small towns, and outdoor recreational opportunities. In this comprehensive overview, we will explore the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other notable features that define Juneau County. Check acronymmonster to learn more about the state of Wisconsin.


Juneau County is bordered by the counties of Adams to the north, Wood to the northeast, Monroe to the east, Vernon to the south, and Sauk to the west. It is situated in the Driftless Area of Wisconsin, a region known for its rugged terrain and lack of glacial activity. The county seat and largest city is Mauston, while other significant communities include New Lisbon, Necedah, and Elroy.

The topography of Juneau County is characterized by its rolling hills, wooded valleys, and scattered wetlands. The landscape is heavily forested, with hardwoods such as oak, maple, and hickory dominating the uplands, while bottomland forests and wetlands line the banks of rivers and streams.

The Wisconsin River, one of the state’s major waterways, forms the eastern border of Juneau County, providing opportunities for fishing, boating, and water sports, as well as scenic views and wildlife habitat along its banks.


Juneau County experiences a humid continental climate, with four distinct seasons characterized by warm summers, cold winters, and ample precipitation throughout the year. The region’s climate is influenced by its inland location and the prevailing weather patterns of the upper Midwest.

Summer temperatures in Juneau County typically range from the 70s to 80s°F (21-27°C) during the day, with occasional heatwaves bringing temperatures into the 90s°F (32°C) or higher. Humidity levels are moderate, and afternoon thunderstorms are common during the summer months, providing relief from the heat.

Winter temperatures in Juneau County usually range from the 20s to 30s°F (-6 to -1°C) during the day, with colder temperatures at night. Snowfall is common during the winter months, with an average annual snowfall of around 30 inches, creating opportunities for winter sports such as skiing, snowboarding, and snowmobiling.

Spring and fall are transitional seasons in Juneau County, with temperatures gradually warming in the spring and cooling in the fall. These seasons are favored by residents and visitors alike for outdoor activities such as hiking, biking, and enjoying the county’s natural beauty.

Rivers and Lakes:

Juneau County is intersected by several rivers, streams, and lakes, which play important roles in the region’s ecology, economy, and recreational activities.

In addition to the Wisconsin River, Juneau County is home to numerous smaller rivers and streams, including the Lemonweir River, the Yellow River, and the Baraboo River. These waterways provide habitats for various fish species, including trout, bass, and panfish, and offer opportunities for kayaking, canoeing, and tubing.

Juneau County also boasts several picturesque lakes, including Castle Rock Lake and Petenwell Lake, which are two of the largest inland lakes in Wisconsin. These lakes provide opportunities for fishing, boating, swimming, and picnicking, attracting locals and visitors alike to their scenic shores.

Natural Features:

In addition to its rivers and lakes, Juneau County is known for its natural beauty and outdoor recreational opportunities, including parks, forests, and hiking trails.

The Necedah National Wildlife Refuge, located in the southern part of Juneau County, is a protected area that features diverse habitats, including grasslands, wetlands, and forests. The refuge offers opportunities for birdwatching, wildlife viewing, hiking, and environmental education programs.

The Elroy-Sparta State Trail, a scenic rail trail that runs through Juneau County, is a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts. The trail offers opportunities for hiking, biking, and snowmobiling along its picturesque route, which passes through wooded areas, farmland, and small towns.

The Buckhorn State Park, located along the shores of Castle Rock Lake, is another popular destination for outdoor recreation. The park offers opportunities for camping, picnicking, boating, and fishing, as well as hiking trails and wildlife viewing areas.


Juneau County, Wisconsin, offers a diverse and scenic landscape characterized by its rolling hills, dense forests, and scenic waterways. From its historic towns and cultural landmarks to its outdoor recreational opportunities and natural beauty, the county has much to offer residents and visitors alike. As stewards of this remarkable landscape, residents and local organizations are committed to preserving and protecting Juneau County for future generations to enjoy. Through conservation efforts, sustainable development, and responsible stewardship of natural resources, Juneau County will continue to thrive as a cherished part of the Driftless Area of Wisconsin.