Ireland Population

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Ireland is 5,176,569, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 5,176,569
Population growth rate 1.04%
Birth rate 14.10 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 80.44 years
Men life expectancy 78.18 years
Women life expectancy 82.83 years
Age structure
0-14 years 21.37%
15-64 years 65.31%
65 years and above 13.32%
Median age 36.10 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 1.00
Population density 73.66 residents per km²
Urbanization 59.90%
84.5% Irish; Proportion of foreigners 2015: 11.9%
Catholics (Roman Catholic) 91.3%, Anglicans (Church of Ireland) 2.8%; Others 5.9%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.942
HDI ranking 3rd out of 194

People in Ireland

There are 4.9 million Irish people in Ireland. Each woman has an average of 1.9 children. Ireland’s population is growing due to a surplus of births, but also due to immigration.

63 percent of the Irish live in a city, 37 percent in the country. The largest city is Dublin with 550,000 residents. Cork, Galway and Limerick are the next largest cities. The average age is 37.8 years – this is much less than, for example, in Germany (47.8 years). Life expectancy is 83.7 years for women and 78.9 years for men.

84 percent of the Irish are Catholics. Ireland is traditionally a Catholic country. Saint Patrick is considered the national saint. 2.8 percent are Anglicans. 1.1 percent are Muslim.

There are more redheads in Ireland than in many other countries (only Scotland has more). Overall, ten percent of the population are red-haired.

Languages in Ireland

Most Irish speak English. But now there are more and more Irish who speak Irish. The Irish language is usually referred to as Gaelic in German, but this is not quite correct, because there are three Gaelic languages ​​(in addition to Irish, Scottish Gaelic and Manx, which is spoken on the Isle of Man). English and Irish are also the two official languages ​​of Ireland.

There are regions in Ireland where more people speak Irish as a first language than English. These regions are called Gaeltacht. They are mostly on the west coast. Below is a map with the Gaeltachtaí (that’s what they are called in the plural). But Irish is also very important in the rest of the country and is often spoken as a second language. Irish is also taught in the school from the start. There are also schools that teach entirely in Irish.

Ireland Overview

Ireland, an island nation located in the North Atlantic, is separated from Great Britain to its east by the Irish Sea. Known as the “Emerald Isle” for its lush greenery and rolling hills, Ireland is celebrated for its rich cultural heritage that includes the Gaelic language, music, and dancing. Dublin, the capital, is famous for its literary history, vibrant pubs, and landmarks such as the Dublin Castle and the Trinity College Library. Ireland has a significant global impact through its diaspora and is renowned for its contributions to literature, arts, and science.

State Facts of Ireland:

  • Capital City: Dublin
  • Population: Approximately 4.9 million
  • Area: Approximately 70,273 square kilometers
  • Full Country Name: Republic of Ireland
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)
  • Language: Irish, English
  • ISO Country Codes: IE, IRL, 372

Bordering Countries of Ireland

Ireland is located in the North Atlantic Ocean and is bordered by the United Kingdom to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south, and the Irish Sea to the north. Ireland has a total land boundary of 360 km which includes 360 km with Northern Ireland.

Ireland shares a border with Northern Ireland which is formed by a line drawn between Lough Foyle in County Donegal on the Irish side and Lough Neagh on the Northern Irish side. The two countries have had close ties since 1921 when they were partitioned but have since worked towards strengthening their relationship through joint initiatives such as an open-border policy between them.

To Ireland’s south lies Wales which borders it on three sides; these borders are formed by rivers such as River Shannon in County Leitrim, River Dee in County Cork and River Severn in County Wexford. The two countries have had friendly relations since 1216 when England first invaded Wales but have since worked towards strengthening their ties through economic cooperation such as joint tourism initiatives within their shared boundaries.

Ireland also shares borders with Scotland on its extreme northeastern tip; this border is formed by a line drawn between Irish Ulster region and Scottish Highlands region. Despite having tense relations at times due to territorial disputes over oil-rich regions of North Sea, both countries have been working together for years now on issues such as renewable energy projects within their shared waters.



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